CONTENTS

Sample answers

Sample questions and answers  from speaking part 1, 2 and  3

Key vocabulary

Words and terms frequently used  when talking about work

Word formation

Learn how to use  wide variety of parts of speech, such as nouns, verbs, adjectives

Collocations

Find out groups of words that usually used together by native speakers

Useful resources

References to teaching and authentic materials related to this topic: IELTS blogs, podcasts, videos and articles

 

 

 

 

Home Town: Sample questions and answers for IELTS speaking exam

 

Part 1

  1. Describe your hometown.

-My hometown is a small city. It is both traditional and modern because of having several festivals that are being celebrated by the locals and at the same time it is starting to be developed with increasing number of infrastructures and establishments.

 

  1. Where is your hometown located?

-My hometown, Sorsogon City is located in the southernmost tip of the Bicol Peninsula and the Luzon Island. Bicol is one of the regions in the Philippines and Luzon is the biggest island in the country

 

  1. Is it easy to travel around your hometown?

– Yes, it is. It is a small city but there different kinds of transportation are available

  1. What is it known for?

-It is known for “Pili nuts”. They are said to grow in volcanic soil

5. What do people in your town do?

Agriculture and fishing are common in my hometown. Also, with the presence of modernization, there are now many office jobs in my town


Part 2

Describe your home town. You should say:

 

  • Describe the place
  • What is special about it?
  • Compare it to other cities in the world?

My hometown is called Sorsogon. I was born and raised in there and I can say it is my favorite place. It is located in the southernmost tip of the largest island in my country. It is not a very big province. It is both traditional and modern. It is traditional because it still has many festivals that are celebrated by the locals, yet modern, as it is starting to be developed just like other provinces having more and more infrastructures and establishments.

Sorsogon is a province that is about 12-hour bus ride from the capital city of the Philippines, but the main roads are part of the national highway so they are wide and huge. It is an important place because it is a passage for buses and cars that would cross from other provinces and regions in the north of the country to other islands going to the south of the country.

Sorsogon is also special as it has many tourist attractions. For example, it has an active volcano and a lake with very beautiful scenery.

Among all the places I have been to, I think Sorsogon is one of the best. It has beautiful places to visit. It is not crowded, not polluted. There are beautiful and clean beaches. It has many islands that are not yet developed and are very peaceful and relaxing to stay in. In Sorsogon, natural cold and hot springs are also popular. Many people visit this place to experience these bodies of water.

 

Part 3

  1. In what ways can you improve your hometown?

 

One problem in my hometown is the accessibility of some places due to lack of public transportation systems. Although there are different means of public transportation, there are still some places that are difficult to visit. For example, buses earliest trips start at 5am and latest would be around 5:30pm. Therefore, during the night, it gets difficult to go to different places.

  1. What is the main reason for liking a hometown other than the fact you were born there?

 

I think an individual would like his/her hometown aside from being born there because it is the place we consider home. We are used to this place so we become comfortable in it. Also, we are able to build good or bad memories in here, meet friends and other people who have become part of our lives as we grow up. Also, it is the place where we are molded as an individual.

 

  1. Most people in this world do not live in their hometowns. Why?

 

Well, I guess some people feel that there could be more opportunities outside of their hometowns. Some people think that being in a very comfortable place, like our hometown with our relatives and friends can be distracting in pursuing our goals. Also, others want to explore other places and experience different culture.

 

Key vocabulary: Definitions and examples

 


 

 WORD

 

DEFINITION

 

EXAMPLE


 

 

famous

well-known

 

In the 12 days they were in Nevada they paid visits to some of the most famous landmarks in America


 

situated

located somewhere

 

Windsor is situated 20 miles (32km) due west of London in the Thames Valley.

 


 

imposing local buildings

visually impressive buildings

 

There ‘s the imposing Queen ‘s Hotel.


 

huge

extremely large

 

The universe is so huge and so old we must expect loads of different places where life could exist

 


 

shopping mall

shopping centre

 

All high streets and shopping malls are slightly rearranged versions of each other.

 


 

poor area

region; part of world, country or town lacking money

 

Cities have rich and poor areas.

 


 

ethnic neighbourhood

a district forming a community with a common national or cultural tradition within a town or city

 

PThe multitudes of ethnic neighborhoods in Melbourne are found mainly out in the suburbs.

 

 


 

district

an area or quarter within a city or town; a locality within a country

 

Melbourne had three identifiable districts: upper middle class, middle class and working class.

 


 

traditional

relating or conforming to well-established customs, practices or style

 

My hometown is a small city. It is both traditional and moderns.

 


 

infrastructure

the basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise

 

Wit is starting to be developed with increasing number of infrastructures and establishments.

 


 

establishment

a business organization, public institution, or household

 

More and more educational establishments are starting business studies

 


 

transportation

a system or means of taking people or goods from one place to another

 

It is a small city but there different kinds of transportation are available

 


 

agriculture

the science or practice of farming

 

Agriculture and fishing are common in my hometown.

 


 

fishing

the activity of catching fish, for commercial or sporting reasons

 

The seas around Mayo support a wide variety of fish species which provide the sea angler with excellent fishing.

 


 

pace

the relative speed of progress or change

 

We will remind students to raise their hands if the lecture pace is too fast.

 


 

poverty

the state of being extremely poor

 

Absolute poverty in the globalising developing countries fell sharply in the last 20 years.

 


 

amenities

organizations, businesses, or buildings providing a service in a particular location

 

The village offers an excellent range of amenities including grocery and food stores, post office , public house , primary school and Churches of various denominations.

 


 

outskirts

outer areas of a town or city

 

A gondola from the town centre or a cable-car from the outskirts take you up to Rochebrune

 


 

shortage

an insufficiency of something needed or wanted

 

One of our biggest problems locally is the shortage of housing, particularly for young adults.

 


 

congestion

the fact or instance of blocking or overcrowding a place, especially with traffic

 

The new bridge should ease congestion in the area.

 


 

vibrant

full of energy and enthusiasm.

 

A vibrant cosmopolitan city.

 


 

bustling

full of activity and people

 

Louth is a beautiful unspoilt Georgian town , with a bustling market

 


 

provincial

relating to or involving a province

 

Scenes of violence were reported in provincial towns

 


 

dull

boring

 

Students short of money have always faced long hours of dull or repetitive work in supermarkets , pubs or clubs

 


 

local delicacy

something that is good to eat belonging or relating to a particular area or neighborhood

 

But the French were the first to consider geese a culinary delicacy

 


 

growing rapidly

ncreasing quickly

 

The interactive games industry is growing rapidly

 


 

culture

art, music, literature, and related intellectual activities, considered collectively

 

It is less stressful than a big city , and full of bookshops , libraries , and people interested in culture

 


 

downtown

n or relating to the business and commercial centre of a town or city

 

The heart of Sydney’s downtown

 


 

intersection

a road junction

 

The University’s main entrance and reception is at the intersection of Borough Road and Albert Road.

 


 

dramatic change

sudden and striking difference, modification or an alteration

 

This dramatic change was caused both by the presence of the pairing family and by the introduction of herding and agriculture

 


 

railway

1-a track made of parallel bars on which trains run
2-the system of transport

 

Japan’s privately run railway, for example, is among the best in the world.

 


 

industrial facilities

the means to do something, as provided by the equipment in a building, room, or other place

 

A very large number of the city’s industrial facilities were destroyed or severely damaged

 


 

familiarity

experience and knowledge of something

 

Increase customer familiarity with a product

 


 

crowded roads

roads full of people

 

The roads can be very crowded with traffic

 


 

accessibility

being physically accessible or available

 

South Liverpool is the ideal short break destination with easy accessibility from the north via the M5

 


 

traffic

vehicles moving on roads

 

At peak hours, we have been overloaded with traffic.

 


 

it used to be

used to talk about habitual actions in the past

 

Downtown used to be very commercial, with merchants selling their products.

 


 

improved economically

Become better

 

Multiple new train lines improved economically remote city’s parts.

 


 

business center

a place where businesses can rent offices or rooms for meetings, events, etc

 

Business Center is located along Norton Shops.

 


 

building

structure such as a house

 

The engineer said the Council does not intend to demolish the building or breaking the street line on Market Square.

 


 

expanding

growing larger in size or scope

 

Northampton is an expanding area and wages for care assistants cannot match those to be found in industry , ‘ says Bill Aitken , the department ‘s operations manager


 

 

Word Formation

 


 

WORD

PART OF SPEECH

EXAMPLE


 

growth

noun

The borough has experienced one of the fastest population  growths in England in the last decade

 

to grow

verb

North America, that ‘s second behind Mexico , whose population  grew 1.8 percent over the previous year.

 

growing

adjective

The interactive games industry is growing rapidly


 

tradition

noun

My hometown is a small city. It is both traditional and modern.

 

traditional

adjective

My hometown is a small city. It is both traditional and modern.


 

accessibility

noun

South Liverpool is the ideal short break destination with easy  accessibility from the north via the M5.

to access 

verb

With the opening of the bypass scheduled for early December shoppers should be able to easily  access the town’s businesses.

 

accessible

adjective

Peterborough and Swindon now almost as  accessible as suburbs only fifteen miles away from Piccadilly


 

 

Collocations

 


 

beautifully

delightfullys

ideallyg

pleasantly

conveniently

inconveniently

centrally

remotely  

adverb+

situated


 

neighbouring

surrounding

northern

southern

rich

wealthy

poor

working-class

coastal

country

local

metropolitan

rural

suburban

urban

agricultural

business

commercial

adjective +

district


 

build

found

live in

verb +

town


 

big

large

major

little

small

nearby

ancient

historic

medieval

old

adjective+

town


 

hall

square

walls

council

life

planning

town+noun

town


 

the centre/middle of (the) town

the edge/outskirts of (the) town

phrase

town


 

 

good

great

ideal

terrible

adjective+

place


 

interesting

busy

crowded

quiet

strange

faraway

out-of-the way

remote

adjective+

place


 

big

high-rise

large

tall

low

single-storey

adjective+

building


 

small

attractive

beautiful

fine

imposing

impressive

magnificent

crumbling

ancient

historic

old

seventeenth-century, etc

adjective+

building


 

build

erect, put up

demolish

destroy, flatten, gut, knock down

pull down

damage

renovate

restore

verb+

building


 

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